Artificial Intelligence: Adapt or Be Terminated
The global Artificial Intelligence (AI) market has grown from $1.5 billion in 2010 to $136.6 billion in 2022. The market is expected to continue to grow at a rapid pace, reaching $1.81 trillion by 2030. As the growth of AI continues, it is likely to have a significant impact on our lives, helping to solve some of the world’s most pressing problems.
In recent years, AI has rapidly evolved and is on the cusp of transforming various global industries. The metamorphic strength of AI lies in its capacity to sift through enormous data sets, identify patterns, and draw intelligent conclusions. From the healthcare sector to the world of finance, from transportation to manufacturing, AI is revolutionizing operations, enhancing productivity, and unveiling fresh potential. This piece delves into the significant implications of AI, offering several examples in use today by various companies.
AI is carving significant pathways towards improved diagnostics, personalized treatments, and efficient disease management. Machine learning algorithms can analyze medical images like X-rays and MRIs, aiding radiologists in detecting abnormalities more accurately and at an early stage. AI-powered chatbots and virtual nurses can assist patients by providing round-the-clock medical advice and monitoring their health remotely. Additionally, AI algorithms now predict disease outbreaks, optimize clinical trials, and enhance the drug discovery process.
Hospitals are increasingly using AI combined with sophisticated robotics. Singapore General Hospitals (SGH), among the largest and most established in Singapore, employs robotic surgical systems integrated with AI algorithms to boost surgical precision and facilitate minimally invasive surgeries. These systems offer immediate feedback and guidance, thereby aiding surgeons to execute procedures with heightened precision.
The transportation sector is witnessing a significant transformation through AI-powered advancements. Autonomous vehicles are a prime example, with AI algorithms enabling self-driving cars to navigate roads, avoid obstacles, and optimize routes. AI-powered traffic management systems analyze real-time data to alleviate congestion and optimize traffic flow. Furthermore, logistics companies are leveraging AI to enhance supply chain management, predicting demand patterns, optimizing delivery routes, and reducing costs.
Taking this further, consider how the global mining industry will change. Caterpillar is implementing AI in their autonomous mining trucks. These large haul trucks are capable of operating without a human driver, using a combination of sensors, GPS, and advanced algorithms to navigate and perform tasks in mining operations. Will AI lead to a productivity boost in this sector? You bet, since autonomous vehicles can operate 24/7.
Let’s also look at how AI is revamping the manufacturing industry by introducing automation, predictive maintenance, and quality control. Robots powered by AI can perform complex tasks with precision, improving productivity and reducing human error. AI algorithms analyze sensor data to predict machine failures, enabling proactive maintenance and minimizing downtime. Quality control processes are enhanced through computer vision systems that inspect products for defects, ensuring consistency and reducing waste.
Take, for instance, Tesla, which is at the forefront in utilizing AI in its manufacturing process. Tesla employs autonomous robots powered by AI algorithms in its assembly lines. These robots are equipped with computer vision capabilities, allowing them to identify and handle specific parts during the manufacturing process. By using AI, Tesla automates repetitive and labor-intensive tasks, resulting in increased efficiency and improved production speed.
AI is likely to have a significant impact on education as well by offering personalized learning experiences, intelligent tutoring, and efficient administrative tasks. Adaptive learning platforms use AI algorithms to assess students’ strengths and weaknesses and tailor education content accordingly. Virtual tutors, which are now being used at the widely-popular Khan Academy, provide personalized guidance and support, and will increasingly adapt to individual learning styles. AI-powered administrative systems automate tasks, such as grading assignments and managing schedules, freeing up time for educators to focus on teaching.
I have two children in high school and both of them use Google Classroom which has been around since 2014. The platform manages and organizes digital learning activities. Since its introduction, Google Classroom has gained significant popularity and has become widely adopted by schools and education institutions around the world. I personally believe education will not exist in its current form for many college degrees. Imagine a virtual, AI-generated teacher or professor trained on the most brilliant and effective communicators throughout history—all tailored to any subject or grade level. The cost savings if we continue to go in this direction would be enormous.
While I believe AI will generate many new technology jobs, it will also likely have a huge impact on our current employment landscape. According to a March 2023 Goldman Sachs research report, The Potentially Large Effects of Artificial Intelligence on Economic Growth, when taking into account the current range of ‘generative AI’ capabilities, they estimate that up to one-fourth of the overall work done today by humans in the US is at risk of automation. The impacts are expected to be particularly large for two industries in particular: Office and Administrative Support as well as Legal, which could see up to nearly 50% of jobs automated.
Given the recent advancements and the impressive abilities exhibited by AI, along with projections such as the ones above, it's hardly surprising that AI has emerged as a primary subject of conversation among both strategists and investors.
Wall Street CEOs are using the word AI on their earnings calls more so than ever before. Nvidia’s CEO, Jensen Huang, used the word “AI” 75 times on the company’s last earnings call. What most people don’t know is AI has been around a long time. The first well-known AI, IBM Watson, is a question answering system that uses artificial intelligence, big data, and algorithms to understand questions posed in natural language and return an answer. Watson has been around for about 12 years. It was first announced in 2011, when it competed against Jeopardy! champions Ken Jennings and Brad Rutter. It won’t shock you, but Watson won the tournament.
However, to really understand AI’s origin, you have to go back to the 80s when a man named Geoffrey Hinton—often referred to as the ‘Godfather of AI’—was interested in understanding how the brain works. In the 1980s, he was working on a mathematical model of the brain called a neural network. Neural networks are inspired by the way that neurons in the brain work together to process information. Hinton’s work on neural networks led him to develop a new algorithm called backpropagation. Backpropagation is a way of training neural networks to learn from data. It is now used in almost all networks today. Hinton’s work on the brain and AI has had a profound impact on the field of artificial intelligence.
He quit working for Google in May of 2023 and cited concerns about the potential risks of AI as one of the reasons for his decision. In recent weeks, he was quoted saying, “I think we have to take the possibility seriously that if they [AI] get smarter than us, which seems quite likely, and they have goals of their own, which seems quite likely, they may well develop the goal of taking control. If they do that, we’re in trouble.”
AI is driving efficiency, innovation, and transformation. As technology advances, AI will continue to push the boundaries of what is possible, establishing new opportunities and challenges for the future. Embracing AI’s potential and harnessing its power will be crucial in shaping a more intelligent world.
In today’s fast-paced and ever-evolving digital landscape, embracing artificial intelligence is no longer a choice, but a necessity for businesses. The transformative potential of AI is undeniable, revolutionizing industries across the board and propelling companies to new heights of innovation, efficiency, and competitiveness. The stark reality is that those who resist the power of AI risk being left behind in the wake of their more agile and forward-thinking counterparts.
As AI continues to advance and permeate various aspects of our lives, it becomes increasingly crucial for businesses, regardless of their size or sector, to recognize and harness the immense possibilities that AI presents. By embracing AI technologies and integrating them into their operations, organizations can unlock untapped potential, drive growth, and remain at the forefront of the ever-accelerating digital revolution. Adapt or be terminated.
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