The Best Stock Investors: Dead People
BALTIMORE – The stock market got a healthy bounce Monday. Where it goes from here is anyone’s guess.
But you don’t have to guess. Because you don’t make money in the stock market from short-term moves. You’ll guess wrong as often as right, and you’ll end up getting nowhere.
It’s the big, long-term moves that make a difference. And the trouble is, sometimes, those moves last longer than we do.
Timing for Dummies
Our “Timing for Dummies” model calls for buying stocks when you can get the Dow for less than five ounces of gold (it’s currently about 20)… and selling stocks when the price goes over 15 ounces of gold.
Otherwise, you just wait. In gold.
Over the last hundred years, you would have multiplied your real wealth – measured in gold – more than 58 times (three round trips from five to 15).
As we saw last week, stocks are greatly overrated. You could have bought the whole Dow in 1928 for 10 ounces of gold. Then, you could have used those same 10 ounces to buy the Dow stocks again in 2013. The total real capital gain over 85 years: zero.
In other words, don’t expect any capital gains from stocks at all. What you can expect are dividends. But dividends are subject to income taxation.
In Baltimore, for example, federal, city, and state taxes together come to about 50%. So, if your stock pays a 2% dividend, you end up with a big, fat 1% net annual return.
And roughly half the time, your Dow stocks will be worth less than the cash (10 ounces of gold, on average) you paid for them.
In other words, your dividends will disappear in capital losses approximately one year out of every two.
Over the last 20 years, readers, colleagues, analysts, and family members have criticized us for “missing out” on the biggest stock boom in history.
But guess what. During that period, gold has done better than the S&P 500, even when you account for dividend reinvestment – without the risk.
People think they need to invest. They see ads with couples smiling approvingly at their statements. They think they will be chumps and losers if they’re not on top of their portfolios.
But a study carried out a few years ago showed that the best investors were, in fact, those who were least on top of the situation.
Looking at the performance of its clients’ accounts, asset manager Fidelity discovered what looked like a group of standout winners. These investors consistently beat the averages.
What was their secret? What can we tell our other customers, Fidelity wondered?
Well, the secret was that the best investors were dead. Their accounts just sat there, still open but inactive, accumulating and reinvesting gains.
Everybody wants better performance, but it’s a rare investor who will jump in the grave to get it. And it’s unnecessary.
What this shows us is that active investing doesn’t really pay off at all. Not for most people. Unless you are very lucky, or well-advised, you’ll end up losing money.
Choosing stocks… trading in and out… making investment decisions – rare is the investor who makes it work. And why should it work out for them?
Investing is part of the win-win world of life. You get, more or less, not what you want or what you expect… but what you deserve. And what you deserve to get depends on what you give… what you put into it.
A full-time, serious analyst – like our own Chris Mayer, for example – might earn a slightly higher-than-average return. But whence will come his profits? That is, if he makes more than average, someone else must make less. So who’s the loser?
Easy, peasy… it is the random, mom-and-pop, momo-following, CNBC-watching, ETF-buying, live amateur!
Over the Long Run
That amateur watches the news. He hears that stocks “always go up over the long run.” And he looks back and sees proof – a huge run-up in the stock market over the last 36 years.
What he doesn’t know is that most of that gain is counterfeit. It was caused not by organic growth in sales and profits (the things that make businesses worth owning), but by inflation in the capital markets. The Fed pumped in $4 trillion; it went into stocks and bonds.
That flim-flam is at the heart of today’s economy and markets. Take away the $4 trillion of fake money… and the fake interest rates of the last 10 years… and the whole shebang would look completely different.
If you look at actual company earnings, for example – based on IRS filings – you find that U.S. corporations are earning not a penny more today than they did in 2006… and considerably less than they did in the last four years of the Obama administration.
Earnings per share have gone up, however, because corporations have used cheap credit to buy back their shares, thus reducing the number of stocks outstanding.
This makes the individual shares more valuable (there are fewer of them divvying up the profits). But it has the pernicious consequence of leaving corporate America with about 50% more debt – over $9 trillion of it.
That is, it leaves U.S. companies weaker than before, not stronger. They are now more vulnerable to the interest rate cycle… which seems to have turned against them.
And now, they will suffer more from President T’s cavalier tax cut and spending increases, which doubled the U.S. borrowing requirement and pushed up interest rates further and faster than before.
The combination of higher debt and higher rates will hit corporate earnings hard. Even before the yield on the 10-year T-bond reaches 4%, we predict investors will wish they had sold stocks and bonds… and bought gold.
More to come…
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